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Home 展演動物 智利最後一隻馬戲團大象 獨居40年再次與同伴相聚

智利最後一隻馬戲團大象 獨居40年再次與同伴相聚

記者 李娉婷/報導

蘭巴(Ramba)是一隻寂寞的大象,牠在馬戲團度過了約40年,先是在阿根廷,隨後來到智利的馬戲團,這段經歷佔據了牠一生大部分的時間,2012年,在動保團體的推動下,蘭巴被從馬戲團帶出,暫時移居到動物園,卻在這個暫居所一待就是7年,如今,牠終於有了最後的家園!在各界的期盼下,蘭巴在18日抵達巴西的大象庇護所,有同類陪伴、還有大片的土地等著牠去探索。

年邁的蘭巴(Ramba)曾在馬戲團生活長達40年,最近終於住進了大象庇護所,擁有大片土地可以漫遊。   取自AFP

蘭巴是一隻雌性亞洲象,至少已經超過52歲,根據全球大象庇護所(Global Sanctuary for Elephants, GSE)資訊,牠的年紀估計在60到65歲之間,被公認為是智利最後一隻馬戲團大象,牠的馬戲團生活始於阿根廷,隨後被轉移到智利,事實上,早在1997年,蘭巴就因為遭到虐待和疏忽照顧,被智利政府從Los Tachuelas馬戲團「沒收」,儘管如此,這只是名義上的沒收,牠仍繼續留在馬戲團中生活,只是馬戲團不再被允許使用牠表演。

由於蘭巴持續在馬戲團中過著孤獨和受虐的生活,智利動保團體Ecopolis發起了一項請願,希望能將蘭巴從馬戲團帶出,在多年的努力後,2012年Ecopolis終於獲得了官方許可,在GSE的協助下將蘭巴移到智利中部的一間野生動物園暫居,生活在有幾顆樹及一個小池塘的圈地,由大象專家指導照顧。

蘭巴原定要前往美國田納西州的庇護所,但由於牠的健康狀況惡化——在馬戲團生活期間,蘭巴沒有被提供乾淨的飲用水,導致牠有嚴重的腎臟問題;牠同時也受到肝臟疾病和智利冬季低溫的折磨,大象應該生活在更溫暖的地區——無法負擔長途旅行,蘭巴不得不繼續留在野生動物園,過著沒有同類同伴的生活,而當時南美洲也沒有大象庇護所,蘭巴只能等待。

這是一種常見的狀況:當動物被從一個不當飼養、充滿剝削的機構救出後,牠們的去處成了難題。

在運輸籠中,準備前往庇護所的蘭巴(Ramba)。   取自Ecópolis Disciplinas Integradas – Chile

不過蘭巴不幸的一生在最後迎來了曙光,為了幫助這些從馬戲團被救出的大象,2016年,GSE在巴西設置了南美洲第一間大象庇護所,這間位於巴西中部馬托格羅索州的庇護所佔地1,133公頃,來到這裡的大象將有機會展現牠們的自然行為:每天走數公里的路,在環境中探索、覓食。

GSE執行長布萊斯(Scott Blais)表示:「蘭巴需要一個安靜、安全的地方,沒有任何的展示,周圍是真正了解牠,並可以幫助牠敞開心扉的其他同類,她需要庇護所。」

在大象福利專家、獸醫和幾位熱心志工的陪同下,10月15日,蘭巴從智利首都聖地牙哥搭乘飛機,飛越安地斯山脈後,安全降落在巴西坎皮納斯市,並從那裡出發,繼續長達3天的車程,在10月18日抵達位於沙帕達-杜斯吉馬朗伊斯(Chapada dos Guimarães)的大象庇護所,與牠的兩個大象同伴拉娜(Rana)和瑪亞(Maia)會合——牠們同樣也來自馬戲團,在長達一生的孤獨後,蘭巴終於得到了同類同伴。

這些年來協助安置蘭巴的野生動物園主桑切斯(Iván Sánchez):「我們一開始擔心牠的高齡,但我們設法讓她順利完成轉移,沒有發生任何問題。」Iván Sánchez也補充表示,這幾年他們沒有向大眾展示蘭巴,儘管有過去生活遺留下的健康問題,牠現在的狀態也相當好。

野生動物園獸醫席爾瓦(Alonso Silva)則表示,蘭巴的轉移是必要的,因為「從生物學上我們知道大象成群結隊地行動,對牠們來說,保持積極的社交生活很重要。」據智利媒體報導,將蘭巴送往巴西大象庇護所的費用約為135,000美元,主要由酒類品牌Amarula提供資金。

蘭巴(Ramba)在巴西大象庇護所的生活相當愜意。   取自Ecópolis Disciplinas Integradas – Chile

蘭巴和牠的新同伴拉娜互動

Ramba and Rana trunk tag

Rana and Ramba continue to play games of trunk tag without touching, but it’s ridiculously charming. Mostly because of the sweet faces they are making throughout. Rana is so excited to be close but is being really respectful of not pushing things. Ramba is putting herself in vulnerable positions, like in this video, which shows she is playing an active role in all of this, although she is still reluctant to touch. Ramba is the one who walked behind Rana to squeeze into the little space she is standing. They did have some tail touching and some belly touching during this interaction, but not trunk touching. Ramba is also rumbling back to Rana (who has been almost endlessly rumbling when they interact) and making cheeky grinning faces when she does it. Honestly, it’s ridiculous how cute they are together. One of the blessings with this trip has been having Ramba’s caregivers from Chile here. We know sanctuary transforms elephants almost immediately, even when the healing journey is long. And her caregivers know this, but it’s different when you see it. Especially with an elephant you have a relationship with. They are amazed at how different she is already, her face, her spirit, her attitude, it has all already morphed. We were laughing becaue Ramba almost always goes inside when it rains in Chile and doesn’t come out off the barn. Here she has been standing in the middle of storms, sometimes napping, other times dusting, or playing in the mud wallow. Her caregivers are even excited about how much better her dung looks. Just a few days and already so many changes.Maia is still close but hasn’t come back to the barn. The gates are open for her to return, but she seems content wandering on her own. Yesterday we saw her smelling in the direction of the barn, so she is definitely aware, but hasn’t chosen to be part of things yet. This is her choice and it’s ok. She will come when she is ready. She won’t have access directly in with Rana and Ramba, but will be in a connected yard with a shared fence line. Since Ramba isn’t completely comfortable with one elephant yet, we don’t want to add another one to the mix without knowing the Ramba is ready.There are a lot of happy hearts here at Elephant Sanctuary Brazil. Physically, Ramba already looks better than we could have imagine. She looks much stronger than she did when Scott arrived in Chile. Her energy is much better, she holds her head higher, and her emotional facial expressions are to die for. We haven’t seen this in her ever. She still has a ton of growth ahead of her, but the improvement in just a few days is simply stunning. Rescues always end up being a reminder of just how remarkable elephants are and Ramba is no exception. PS- we have no power, so no internet at the barn. It has been like that all day, we are hoping tomorrow will be different and we can try some more live feeds.PPS- the girls are actually just outside of the barn. They're not closed in together and walked away to explore shortly after that. 🙂

Global Sanctuary for Elephants 發佈於 2019年10月21日星期一

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